The Campus Valley The complexity of the immediate site through its relationship to the greater campus and the city of Shinchon to the south demands a “larger than site” response, an urban response, a global landscaped solution which weaves together the tissue of the EWHA campus with that of the city. This gesture, the “campus valley”, in combination with the “sports strip”, creates a new topography which impacts the surrounding landscape in a number of ways. The Sports Strip, like the Valley, is many things at once. It is a new gateway to the Ewha campus, a place for daily sports activities, a grounds for the special yearly festivals and celebrations, and an area which truly brings together the university and the city. It is most importantly a place for all, animated all year long.
Like a horizontal billboard, the sports strip presents the life of the university to the inhabitants of Shinchon, and vice-versa. Once through the sports strip, pedestrian movement and flow through the site is celebrated. A new “Champs Elysées” invites the public into the site carrying students and visitors alike through the campus center northwards, bringing together the different levels of the site. The pastoral nature of the campus is perhaps its most remarkable quality. It should be permitted to grow outwards, or inwards in this case, covering the campus center with trees, flowers, and grass. The park is re-drawn. An idyllic garden is the result, creating a special place for gathering, conducting informal classes, and simply relaxing. The notion of weaving together the campus is again evident, blurring the distinction between old and new, building and landscape, present and past.
Les Champs Elysées A new seam slices through the topography revealing the interior of the EWHA campus center. A void is formed, a hybrid place, in which a variety of activities can unfold. It is An avenue, gently descending, controlling the flow of traffic, leading to a monumental stair carrying visitors upwards, recalling les Champs Elysees or the Campidiglio in Rome. • An entry court, from which access to the various departments exist, • A node, or point on a trajectory to another destination, • A forum for the exchange of ideas as students gather after class to discuss their views, • A piazza, with the cafeteria spilling out creating a real “place” to stop and relax, • An outdoor theatre, as the stair can be used in an amphitheatre like fashion, • A sculpture garden, where indoor gallery events can push outwards. It is precisely this flexibility (conceptual and real) which permits the New EWHA campus center to inevitably weave itself into the landscape sometimes a building, sometimes a landscape, sometimes a sculpture.
location : 11-1 Daehyungdong, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-750, Korea
competition : February 2004 start of conceptual design : 2004 construction start : 2004 estimated completion : 2008
site area : 19 000 m² built-up area : 70 000 m² landscape setting up : 31 000 m²
client : Ewha Campus Center Project T/F, Séoul
local architect : Baum Architects, Séoul
engineers : Perrault Projets, Paris : architectural engineering VP&Green Ingenerie, Paris : Structural engineers HL-PP Consult, Munich : Building services Rache-Willms, Aachen : façades Jeon and Lee Partners, Séoul : structural engineer HIMEC, Séoul : mechanical engineer CG E&C, Séoul : civil engineer CnK Associates, Séoul : Landscape architect
program EWHA campus hosts about 22 000 students • academic program : · classrooms, 3 600 m² · 2 amphitheaters, audience capacity, 90 seats · 2 amphitheatres, audience capacity, 200 seats · library, 2 000 m² · computer rooms, workshop space and study hall, 6 000 m² · 4 amphitheatres, audience capacity, 80 seats · hall and common use space, 15 000 m²
• administrative program, 2 300 m² · office space · service area
• commercial program, 5 700 m² · 2 screen cinema, audience capacity, 162 seats · shops (library, stationery shop, etc.), 1 723 m² · bank, 100 m² · post, 300m² · fitness club, 1 000 m² · theatre, audience capacity, 750 m²
• underground car park, 750 vehicles capacity
• other: · chapel, 200 m² · student plaza, 1 000 m² · student theater and exhibition hall, 1 000 m²